The Origin of the Word ‘Marijuana’

Anna Wilcox

The word “marijuana” plays a controversial role in cannabis culture. Many well-known organizations such as Oakland’s Harborside Heath Center have publicly denounced “the M word” in favor of our favorite plant’s Latinate name, cannabis. Even Salon Magazine, a major press outlet outside of the cannabis industry, published an article titled “Is the word ‘Marijuana’ racist?” last year.

As mainstream culture becomes a little more herb-friendly, the terminology used by the industry is coming to center stage. But, why exactly does the term “marijuana” cause so much debate? Even worse, why has the word gained publicity as a racist term?

To save you from reading those lengthy history books or some boring academic articles, we’ve created this brief timeline to give you the low-down on “marijuana”’s rise to popularity in the United States. Here’s what you need to know:

The Mexican Revolution

1840-1900:

Prior to 1910, “marijuana” didn’t exist as a word in American culture. Rather, “cannabis” was used, most often in reference to medicines and remedies for common household ailments. In the early 1900s, what have now become pharmaceutical giants—Bristol-Meyer’s Squib and Eli Lilly—used to include cannabis and cannabis extracts in their medicines.

During this time, Americans (particularly elite Americans) were going through a hashish trend. Glamorized by literary celebrities such as Alexander Dumas, experimenting with cannabis products became a fad among those wealthy enough to afford imported goods.

1910:

Between the years of 1910 and 1920, over 890,000 Mexicans legally immigrated into the United States seeking refuge from the wreckage of civil war. Though cannabis had been a part of U.S. history since the country’s beginnings, the idea of smoking the plant recreationally was not as common as other forms of consumption. The idea of smoking cannabis entered mainstream American consciousness after the arrival of immigrants who brought the smoking habit with them.

1913:

The first bill criminalizing the cultivation of “locoweed” was passed in California. The bill was a major push from the Board of Pharmacy as a way to regulate opiates and psychoactive pharmaceuticals, and seemingly did not stem from the “reefer madness” or racialized understanding of “marijuana” that paved the way to full-on prohibition in the 1930s.

The Aftermath

1930s:

The Great Depression had just hit the United States, and Americans were searching for someone to blame. Due to the influx of immigrants (particularly in the South) and the rise of suggestive jazz music, many white Americans began to treat cannabis (and, arguably, the Blacks and Mexican immigrants who consumed it) as a foreign substance used to corrupt the minds and bodies of low-class individuals.

In the time just before the federal criminalization of the plant, 29 states independently banned the herb that came to be known as “marijuana.”

Harry Anslinger:

It would not be an overstatement to say that Harry Anslinger was one of the primary individuals responsible for creating the stigma surrounding cannabis. Hired as the first director of the recently created Federal Bureau of Narcotics in 1930, Anslinger launched a vigilant campaign against cannabis that would hold steady for the three decades he remained in office.

A very outspoken man, Anslinger used the recent development of the movie theater to spread messages that racialized the plant for white audiences. In one documented incident, Anslinger testified before Congress, explaining:

“Marijuana is the most violence-causing drug in the history of mankind… Most marijuana smokers are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their satanic music, jazz and swing, result from marijuana usage.”

In another statement, Anslinger articulated: “Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men…the primary reason to outlaw marijuana is its effect on the degenerate races.”

In retrospect, Anslinger’s efforts with the Bureau of Narcotics were the reason “marijuana” became a word known by Americans all over the country. When making public appearances and crafting propaganda films such as Reefer Madness, Anslinger specifically used the term “marijuana” when campaigning against the plant, adding to the development of the herb’s new “foreign” identity.

Cannabis was no longer the plant substance found in medicines and consumed unanimously by American’s all over the country.

1937:

The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was the culmination of Anslinger’s work and the first step to all-out prohibition. The bill federally criminalized the cannabis plant in every U.S. state. In order to discourage the production of cannabis use, the Tax Act of 1937 placed a one dollar tax on anyone who sold or cultivated the cannabis plant.

On top of the tax itself, the bill mandated that all individuals comply with certain enforcement provisions. Violation of the provisions would result in imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $2,000.

Though the word “marijuana” is the most common name for cannabis in the United States today, its history is deeply steeped in race, politics, and a complicated cultural revolution. Some argue that using the word ignores a history of oppression against Mexican immigrants and African Americans, while others insist that the term has now lost its prejudiced bite. Regardless of whether or not you decide to use the word yourself, it’s impossible to deny the magnitude and racial implications of its introduction to the American lexicon.

CONTINUE READING…

PLEASE POST THIS PRESS RELEASE ON FACEBOOK BECAUSE FACEBOOK KICKED ME OUT ! ! !

PRESS RELEASE & ANNOUNCEMENT
by Cris Ericson, 2018 candidate for U.S. Congress
http://www.crisericson.com

80,000 POT HEADS PROTEST &
DEMONSTRATION JUNE 21, 2017
ON THE STATE HOUSE LAWN
IN MONTPELIER, VERMONT

80,000 pot heads will convince state legislators to
MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL
by protesting the governor’s veto and holding up signs
that say, “MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL” during the
MARIJUANA DEMONSTRATION, MONTPELIER, VERMONT
JUNE 21, 2017 on the State House Lawn
POST ON YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA RIGHT AWAY!

PROTEST THE GOVERNOR’S VETO OF MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION
BY DEMONSTRATING WITH SIGNS TO TELL YOUR REPRESENTATIVES
TO OVER-RIDE THE GOVERNOR’S VETO ON JUNE 21, 2017
ON THE STATE HOUSE LAWN IN MONTPELIER, VERMONT.

JUNE 21, 2017 MONTPELIER, VT STATEHOUSE
VERMONT PRO-MARIJUANA DEMONSTRATION:
BRING SIGNS ASKING LEGISLATORS to VOTE
to OVER-RIDE VERMONT GOVERNOR PHIL SCOTT’S
VETO of RECREATIONAL MARIJUANA S. 22 BILL
in this June 21, 2017 VETO SESSION, a joint
session of all Vermont State Representatives
and Vermont State Senators voting yes or no
to OVER-RIDE VT GOVERNOR SCOTT’S
VETO of RECREATIONAL MARIJUANA!
MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL
MARIJUANA DEMONSTRATION, MONTPELIER, VERMONT
JUNE 21, 2017 on the State House Lawn
POST ON YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA RIGHT AWAY!

BRING YOUR OWN BEVERAGES,
SNACKS, SANDWICHES, BLANKETS,
SIGNS, POSTERS, etc. & FRIENDS!
If you are bringing over 10 people in your
group, then call Nancy McAvoy,
Dept. of Buildings & General Services
(802)828-1506 or (802)249-1417
and ask for a form to fill out.
The Vermont State House Lawn is
public property, but they like to know when
you have over 10 people in your group.
PLEASE SHARE THIS MESSAGE ON
ALL OF YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA RIGHT AWAY!
I HOPE TO SEE YOU ALL THERE!
http://www.crisericson.com
https://crisericson.wordpress.com
U.S. MARIJUANA PARTY
http://usmjparty.com

If it is raining, bring umbrellas and
plastic table cloths to sit on.
Paint your signs with acrylic paint
which should be fine in the rain.

MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL
MARIJUANA DEMONSTRATION, MONTPELIER, VERMONT
JUNE 21, 2017 on the State House Lawn

TAKE YOUR OLD, PLAIN T-SHIRT AND PAINT
MARIJUANA DESIGNS ON IT,
AND DO THIS FOR YOUR FRIENDS, TOO!!!
You can make stencils by drawing
pictures of marijuana on poster board
and carefully cutting them out,
and then lay the stencil on a plain t-shirt
and use a brush to carefully paint in the
marijuana with green acrylic paint.

Common “Exterior House Paint” is best
for painting t-shirts. Ask your friends
to bring you their old plain colored t-shirts
because with common exterior house paint,
you can paint the marijuana plant over any
color, black, white, any color plain t-shirt.

If you have an air brush and compressor,
use the common exterior house paint, and go
to a thrift store and buy every plain t-shirt you
can afford for 50 cents and hand them out
“for donations” to your as yet un-incorporated
non-profit, or established non-profit organization.
This is the only way I know of to make hundreds
of t-shirts for less than a dollar a t-shirt total cost.
Remember, we are hoping 80,000 Vermont pot heads
will show up!

You can buy a gallon or a half gallon
of green acrylic paint at the hardware store
and paint hundreds of t-shirts with stencils,
using a brush to paint a plain t-shirt.
Acrylic paint on cotton t-shirts
dries reasonably fast, especially if hung
out on a clothes line in the sun.

Then, you can wash the t-shirt in a washing
machine and put it in a dryer, and the
acrylic painted design stays just great!
This is a fabulous way of making a lot
of t-shirts! You can even make a
separate stencil for the “bud” or flower of
the marijuana plant, and use a different
color, and paint a hundred t-shirts
with the green, then go back and paint
the “bud” or flower a different color on them.

PROTEST THE GOVERNOR’S VETO OF MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION
BY DEMONSTRATING WITH SIGNS TO TELL YOUR REPRESENTATIVES
TO OVER-RIDE THE GOVERNOR’S VETO ON JUNE 21, 2017
ON THE STATE HOUSE LAWN IN MONTPELIER, VERMONT.

Please share this message on all of your
social media! Remember, CRIS ERICSON has been kicked
out of facebook, so she depends on you
to spread the word and get people to show up!

Remember, if you are bringing ten or more people,
fill out a form for Nancy McAvoy
(802)828-1506 Vermont State Dept. of
Buildings and General Services, and if the
form requires a name for your group, put
something like, “80,000 Pot Heads”.

MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL
MARIJUANA DEMONSTRATION, MONTPELIER, VERMONT
JUNE 21, 2017 on the State House Lawn

PLEASE POST THIS TO YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA RIGHT AWAY!!!!!
DEMONSTRATION TO OVER-RIDE GOVERNOR’S VETO OF
RECREATIONAL MARIJUANA LAW ON JUNE 21, 2017
COME EARLY, BRING FOOD AND PLASTIC PICNIC TABLECLOTH
TO SIT ON!

PROTEST THE GOVERNOR’S VETO OF MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION
BY DEMONSTRATING WITH SIGNS TO TELL YOUR REPRESENTATIVES
TO OVER-RIDE THE GOVERNOR’S VETO ON JUNE 21, 2017
ON THE STATE HOUSE LAWN IN MONTPELIER, VERMONT.

CRIS ERICSON, TEXT MESSAGES ONLY
1-802-289-1000
crisericson2016@gmail.com
http://www.crisericson.com
https://crisericson.wordpress.com
UNITED STATES MARIJUANA PARTY IN VERMONT
MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL

YOU CAN PUT THE UNITED STATES MARIJUANA PARTY ON THE BALLOT IN UTAH 2017

YOU CAN PUT THE UNITED STATES MARIJUANA PARTY
ON THE BALLOT IN UTAH 2017 !!!
PLEASE FORWARD THIS AND SHARE THIS WITH ALL OF
YOUR FRIENDS IN UTAH !!!

YOU CAN GET ON THE ELECTION BALLOT IN UTAH NOW !!!
U.S. CONGRESSMAN CHAFFETZ IS RESIGNING EARLY AND
THERE IS AN ELECTION TO REPLACE HIM !!!
HELP MAKE MARIJUANA LEGAL
BY RUNNING
FOR U.S. CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
IN THE STATE OF UTAH 2017 !!!

2017 UNAFFILIATED
UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
CERTIFICATE OF NOMINATION

of_________________________________________________
(print name exactly as it is to be printed on the official
ballot – no amendments or modifications after June 12, 2017) for the office of United States Representativ
for the Third Congressional District.
State of Utah
County of
ss.
I, ____________________ , declare my intention of becoming
an unaffiliated candidate for the political group designated as

FEDERAL MARIJUANA LAWS PARTS 1, 2 AND 3 ON ibrattleboro.com PLEASE READ & SHARE (more parts to come!)

http://ibrattleboro.com/sections/other/part-3-federal-marijuana-laws-20-years-and-not-more-life-imprisonment-etc Part 3 Federal Marijuana Laws,
“20 Years and Not More Than Life Imprisonment”, Etc!

Part 1 Federal Marijuana Laws
http://ibrattleboro.com/sections/other/part-1-federal-marijuana-laws-tru… Previously, in Part 1, we looked at food stamps & marijuana, federal forest land & marijuana, federal immigration laws & marijuana, and U.S. Military law & marijuana.
http://ibrattleboro.com/sections/other/part-1-federal-marijuana-laws-tru… INCLUDES: 7 USC 2014; 7 USC 2209e; 8 USC 1182; 8 USC §1227; 8 USC 1254a; 8 USC 1255; 10 USC 912a;
16 USC 559b;16 USC §559c

Part 2 Federal Marijuana Laws
FEDERAL MARIJUANA LAWS PART 2
http://ibrattleboro.com/sections/other/part-2-federal-marijuana-laws-gov… We start off with Title 18 Criminal laws: explosives & marijuana; prisons & marijuana;
and then Title 19 international treaties & marijuana. Please keep in mind that changing state
marijuana laws does NOT change federal laws
which are spelled three different ways in the federal laws:
marijuana, marihuana and cannabis.

I CAN NOT SIGN INTO YAHOO EMAIL, SO CONTACT ME AT marijuanavt@gmail.com

I CAN NOT SIGN INTO YAHOO EMAIL,
SO CONTACT ME AT marijuanavt@gmail.com
YAHOO is giving me a notice
telling me that they will not allow me
to sign in with “this device”
and that I must sign in with
“my other device.”
This indicates that YAHOO,
or a hacker, or the Republicans
or the Democrats
or the government
is searching for something
on “my device” and can not
find it on “this device” so they
want to see my “other device”.

In other words, they searched this
computer and found nothing wrong,
nothing illegal, nothing they can
“get me” for; so they want to
search “my other” computer
in hopes of finding what they
are on a fishing expedition for!

So, don’t bother trying to
contact me at my YAHOO
email, even though that is the
one that has been listed in
various campaign years as my
official email for the Vermont
Secretary of State Elections Division.

GOOD BYE YAHOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

why doesn’t the whole blog post show?

WHY DOESN’T THE WHOLE PAGE OF THIS BLOG POST SHOW?

…..(7) The United States is a party to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961,
and other international conventions designed to establish effective control over
international and domestic traffic in controlled substances. ( Pub. L. 91–513, title II, §101, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1242 .) Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse
Pub. L. 91–513, title II, §601, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1280 , as amended by Pub. L. 92–13, May 14, 1971, 85 Stat. 37 , provided that:
“(a) [Establishment; composition] There is established a commission to be known as the

the posting thing is still cutting me off short, why doesn’t the whole blog post page show?

WHY DOESN’T THE WHOLE PAGE OF THIS BLOG POST SHOW?

…..(7) The United States is a party to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961,
and other international conventions designed to establish effective control over
international and domestic traffic in controlled substances. ( Pub. L. 91–513, title II, §101, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1242 .) Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse
Pub. L. 91–513, title II, §601, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1280 , as amended by Pub. L. 92–13, May 14, 1971, 85 Stat. 37 , provided that:
“(a) [Establishment; composition] There is established a commission to be known as the

FEDERAL MARIJUANA LAWS PART 3 GOT CUT OFF IN THE LAST POST, HERE’S THE REST OF IT

…..(7) The United States is a party to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961,
and other international conventions designed to establish effective control over
international and domestic traffic in controlled substances. ( Pub. L. 91–513, title II, §101, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1242 .) Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse
Pub. L. 91–513, title II, §601, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1280 , as amended by Pub. L. 92–13, May 14, 1971, 85 Stat. 37 , provided that:
“(a) [Establishment; composition] There is established a commission to be known as the

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